IAS Exam 2021: Eligibility for IAS, Age Limit and Syllabus & Preparation

Ias exam 2021
Ias exam 2021

IAS Exam 2021: Eligibility for IAS, Age Limit and Syllabus & Preparation, Indian Administrative Service (IAS) was previously often known as the Imperial Civil Service (ICS) is the Civil Companies Examination and one of many hardest aggressive exams in India. It’s performed by the Union Public Service Fee for the recruitment of officers for the All India Administrative Civil Service.

The Indian Administrative Service is the premier administrative civil service of the Authorities of India. Hierarchy-wise, IAS is the best administrative publish among the many 24 providers like IPS, IFS, and many others.

Popularly often known as the IAS exam 2021, formally it’s referred to as Civil Service Examination (CSE), which is performed yearly by the central recruiting company, the Union Public Service Fee (UPSC).

IAS is the everlasting forms in India and varieties part of the manager department. It is, without doubt, one of the three All India Companies, its cadre could be employed by each the Union Authorities, the State Governments, and public-sector undertakings.

Indian Administrative Service (IAS) has been termed as one of many prestigious providers among the many 24 authorities providers like IPS, IFS (Overseas), IFS (Forest), IP & TAFS, IAAS, IRS, IDAS, CMSE, IRTS, IRAS, IRPS, ITS, CAPF-AF to call a couple of.

All these examinations are performed by UPSC within the type of Civil Service Examination (CSE) for deciding on the suitable candidates for the roles. Yearly lakhs of candidates seem for this examination, testing their lucks and onerous work to get by means of one in every one of these prestigious posts.

You will need to point out that any officer chosen into the IAS could be employed by Union authorities, state governments and/or public-sector undertakings and will get publicity in quite a few job roles just like the collector, head of public sector models, commissioner, chief secretary, cupboard secretary to call a couple of.

When on deputation outdoors India, the IAS officer could be engaged in intergovernmental organizations just like the Worldwide Financial Fund (IMF), World Financial institution (WB), the Asian Infrastructure Funding Financial institution (AIIB), the United Nations (UN), or its businesses and the Asian Growth Financial institution (ADB) to call a couple of.

It is extremely necessary for aspirants to know and perceive the necessities of the examination corresponding to the united states IAS syllabus, sample, eligibility standards, software process, and different such vital particulars earlier than kick-starting the registrations.

Eligibility for IAS exam 2021

Age limit

As per the Civil Companies Age Restrict, the candidate Ought to be between 21 and 32 years, as on 1st August 2020 (for the united states CSE 2020), i.e., he will need to have been born not sooner than 2nd August 1988 and never later than 1st August 1999.

Civil Companies Age Restrict is a necessary issue within the eligibility standards. Due to this fact candidates making use of for UPSC Examination ought to verify these particulars correctly earlier than filling the web software type.

(Civil Companies Age restrict relaxations, as mentioned under, will apply).


As per the IAS Eligibility for Defence Servicemen, the individuals Disabled in operations throughout hostilities with any international nation or in a disturbed space and launched as a consequence thereof have particular Civil Companies age restrict rest.

The IAS Eligibility states that ECOs/SSCOs who’ve accomplished a preliminary interval of the task of 5 years Navy Service as on 1st August 2020 get 5 years of age rest, offered whose task has been prolonged past 5 years and in whose case the Ministry of Protection points a certificates that they will apply for civil employment and that they are going to be launched on three months’ discover on the choice from the date of receipt of a suggestion of appointment.


The assorted tutorial necessities as per the IAS Eligibility Standards are given under:

  • Minimal qualification for UPSC examination: The candidate should maintain a level from Authorities recognized Universities or possess an equal qualification.
  • Candidates who’re of their last yr or awaiting outcomes are additionally eligible to seem for UPSC preliminary Examination. All such candidates who’re more likely to seem for IAS exams 2021 should produce proof of getting handed the stated examination together with the applying for the primary IAS exam 2021.
  • Candidates having skilled and technical {qualifications} recognized by the Authorities as equal to skilled and technical levels.
  • Medical college students who’ve handed the ultimate yr of MBBS, however, are but to finish their internship even have eligibility for IAS. Though, together with the Primary Examination software, certificates in fact completion (together with internship) from the involved authority of the College/Establishment must be submitted.

IAS Eligibility- Nationality

For IAS and IPS:

  • Candidate should be a citizen of India

All different Companies:

  • Candidate should be both:-
    1. A citizen of India, or
    2. A topic of Nepal, or
    3. A topic of Bhutan, or
    4. A Tibetan refugee who got here to India earlier than 1st January 1962 aspiring to settle in India completely, or
    5. An individual of Indian origin (PIO) who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African international locations of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Ethiopia, Zaire and Vietnam aspiring to settle in India completely.
  • The candidates belonging to classes (2), (3), (4), and (5) ought to furnish a certificates of eligibility issued by the Authorities of India. Such candidates might take the examination earlier than getting the stated certificates of eligibility, however, he/she would get the provision of appointment solely after the Authorities of India has issued the certificates.
  • Level to Notice: An individual belonging to classes (2), (3) and (4) usually are not eligible for appointment to the Indian Overseas Service (IFS).

IAS Exam 2021 Syllabus

IAS Exam 2021 is performed in Three successive stages- Prelims, Primary, and Interview checkThe prelims stage is a goal check of 400 marks whereas Primary is a subjective paper of 1750 marks adopted by a character check of 275 marks. IAS Prelims is qualifying in nature whereas efficiency is fundamental and interview spherical decide the advantage of profitable candidates.

Each prelim and fundamental examination have totally different syllabi viz:

  • Stage 1: IAS Preliminary Examination – 2 papers that embrace Normal Research like historical past, geography, Indian polity, Logical reasoning, and analytical skillDetermination making and problem-solving, and many others.
  • Stage 2: IAS Primary Examination – Written examination (9 papers)
  • Stage 3: Interview Spherical – 275 marks

IAS Syllabus 2021 for Prelims

  • UPSC civil providers’ preliminary examination is the primary stage of the IAS choice course of, candidates should clear prelims to qualify for the primary examination.
  • It’s meant to function a screening check solely; marks scored in IAS Prelims is not going to be counted for the ultimate advantage record.
  • The Preliminary Stage of IAS has two papers viz. Normal Means Check (GAT) (Paper-1) and the Civil Service Aptitude Check (CSAT) (Paper-2).
Paper Questions & Time Marks
General Studies Paper I 100 Questions – 2 Hours 200
General Studies Paper-II (CSAT – Qualifying only) 80 Questions – 2 Hours 200 ( Marks not considered)
Total 200

IAS Syllabus for Paper I

  • Paper I of IAS Prelims consists of totally different subjects that maintain a weightage of 200 marks.
  • All questions will likely be goal in nature.
  • Candidates should resolve the paper in 2 hours.
  • Marks obtained in Paper 1 will likely be counted for the advantage rank.
IAS Syllabus 2020 for Paper 1
Current events of national and international importance History of India and Indian National Movement
Indian Polity and Governance Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, and Rights Issues Economic and Social Development‐Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, and General issues on Environmental ecology
General Science
Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World
Biodiversity and Climate Change ‐ that do not require subject specialization and General Science

IAS Syllabus for Paper 2

  • All questions will likely be goal in nature.
  • The entire weightage of questions in Paper II is 200 marks.
  • The entire period of Paper II is 2 hours.
  • Marks obtained in Paper 2 is not going to be counted for the advantage rank in Prelims however will likely be thought-about as a qualifying Paper.
  • Candidates want 33% marks to clear IAS Mains.
IAS Syllabus for Paper 2
Logical reasoning and analytical ability
Decision-making and problem-solving General mental ability
Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level) Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. – Class X level)

IAS Syllabus 2021 for Primary Examination

  • This paper assesses candidates’ tutorial experience of their specialized topics.
  • It additionally exams their skill to current information in a transparent and coherent method and his total mental traits and understanding of ideas.
  • In the primary examination, there are 9 papers out of which 7 Papers are obligatory and a couple of are non-obligatory papers that candidates have to decide on.
  • Out of the 7 papers, 2 are language papers i.e. Paper A and B.
  • For paper A, a candidate has to decide on one of many Indian Languages that is included within the eighth Schedule of the Structure. Paper B may have questions from English.
  • Questions will likely be subjective in nature.
  • The marks obtained within the language papers usually are not counted within the formation of the IAS Benefit Record as they’re qualifying in nature.
  • The entire time period of the IAS Primary examination is Three hours.
Main Examination – The written exam will consist of the following papers:
Qualifying Papers Paper A (Indian Language)
Paper B (English)
Paper to be counted for Merit Paper I – Paper VII
Interview Personality Test

Paper I

  • It consists of questions to check the writing abilities of the candidate. Thus, it’s purely subjective with no goal kind questions.
  • The language for the paper is English thus candidates don’t have any choice of answering in some other language.
  • Whole marks awarded to this paper are 250.
Titles Descriptions
Essay Candidates have to write an essay on a specific topic. It must be kept close to the subject of the essay to arrange the ideas in an orderly fashion and to write concisely. Credit is given for effective and exact expression


  • The candidates should reply to the questions primarily based on Indian Heritage together with the Historical past and Geography of the World in Paper-II.
  • The entire weightage of Paper II is 250 marks.
Title Topics
General Studies I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History, and Geography of the World and Society Indian culture, aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times, Modern Indian history and major personalities
The Freedom Struggle, important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country, Post‐independence consolidation and reorganization within the country
History of the world, industrial revolution, world wars, re-drawl of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies, capitalism, socialism, Salient features of Indian Society and Diversity of India
Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty, and developmental issues, urbanization, Effects of globalization on Indian society, Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism, world’s physical geography,
Natural resources, factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries, Important Geophysical phenomena, earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone, geographical features and their location‐ changes in critical geographical features (including water‐bodies and ice‐caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Paper III

  • Paper III includes questions on the Structure, Social Justice, and Worldwide relations of India.
  • The questions maintain a complete weightage of 250 marks.
Title Topics
General Studies II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations Indian Constitution historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure, Functions, and responsibilities of the Union and the States, challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels
Separation of powers, redressed mechanisms and institutions, Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries, Parliament and State Legislatures, structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers, and privileges
Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity, Representation of People’s Act.
Mechanisms, laws, institutions, and Bodies constituted for the protection of vulnerable sections. Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability, e-governance‐ applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability, and institutional and other measures.
Role of civil services in a Democracy India and its neighborhood relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India, Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries, Indian diaspora. Important International institutions, agencies, and fora their structure, mandate.
Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial bodies. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors, Development processes, and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, and charities.
Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial bodies. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors, Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities

Paper IV

  • Paper IV is called Normal Research III and carries 250 marks.
  • The questions are primarily based on Know-how, Bio-Range, and Catastrophe Administration.
Title Topics
General Studies III: Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security, and Disaster Management. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development, and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it. Government Budgeting.
Major crops cropping patterns, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers, Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies.
Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks, and food security.
Technology missions; economics of animal- rearing. Food processing and related industries in India‐ scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management. Land reforms in India. Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy, and their effects on industrial growth.
Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc. Investment models. Science and technology – developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology, and issues relating to intellectual property rights. Conservation, environmental pollution, and degradation, environmental impact assessment, Disaster, and disaster management. Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
Role of external state and non‐ state actors in creating challenges to internal security. Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cybersecurity; money laundering and its prevention, Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Paper V

  • Candidates are requested questions primarily based on Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude
  • The questions maintain a weightage of 250 marks.
Title Topics
General Studies IV: Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude Issues relating to integrity, probity in public life. Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
Human Values, lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; the role of family, society, and educational institutions in inculcating values. Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence, and persuasion.
Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance, and compassion towards the weaker‐ sections. Emotional intelligence‐ concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.
Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions, laws, rules, regulations, and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate Governance.
Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
Case Study

Paper VI and VII

  • Paper VI and Paper VII are non-obligatory topics for Paper I and Paper II of UPSC Primary.
  • Candidates have to aim each of the papers individually.
  • Every Paper holds a weightage of 250 marks.
Title Topics Total Marks
Optional Subject- Paper 1 and 2 Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, Anthropology, Botany, Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Commerce and Accountancy, Economics, Electrical Engineering, Geography, Geology, History, Law, Management, Mathematics, Mechanical Engineering, Medical Science, Philosophy, Physics, Political Science and International Relations, Psychology, Public Administration, Sociology, Statistics and Zoology 250+250 (500)
The literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English


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